| Foundation and post-war years
The legal predecessor to the Memorial Foundation for July 20, 1944, the “Aid Foundation for July 20, 1944,” was founded by the benefactors Walter Bauer, Fabian von Schlabrendorff, and Elisabeth-Gärtner Strünck in 1947, along with survivors and family members of those involved in the attempted coup of July 20, 1944. The original foundation was supported by the then German Federal President Theodor Heuß and the later Bundestag President Eugen Gerstenmaier and based in Nörten-Hardenberg, the home of Carl Hans Graf von Hardenberg.Emil Henk was elected chairman of the board of trustees, working alongside Walter Bauer and Paul Collmer of the executive board. Renate Gräfin von Hardenberg was the foundation’s first director.
The most important goal of the “Aid Foundation” was material and moral support for victims of National Socialism, particularly the family members of the resistance fighters involved in the attempted coup of July 20, 1944. The foundation also provided advice and support for families who had lost members to the attempted coup and had to face neo-Nazi accusations in court cases.
After the 50th anniversary